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Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1103; doi:10.3390/su9071103

Development of the Korean Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Tool (VESTAP)—Centered on Health Vulnerability to Heat Waves

Center for Environmental Assessment Monitoring, Korea Environment Institute (KEI), 370 Sicheong-daero, Sejong 30147, Korea
Divison of Environmental Science & Ecological Engineering, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, Korea
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 May 2017 / Revised: 2 June 2017 / Accepted: 19 June 2017 / Published: 24 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Impacts of Climate Changes: From Sustainability Perspectives)
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The purpose of this study was to develop a Korean climate change vulnerability assessment tool, the Vulnerability Assessment Tool to build Climate Change Adaptation Plan (VESTAP). Based on Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change methodology, VESTAP can be used to evaluate Korea’s vulnerability to major climate impacts (including 32 conditions in 8 categories). VESTAP is based on RCP 4.5/8.5 scenarios and can provide evaluation results in 10-year intervals from the 2010s to 2040s. In addition, this paper presents the results of a case study using VESTAP for targeted assessment of health vulnerability to heat waves under the RCP 8.5 scenario for the 2040s. Through vulnerability assessment at the province level in South Korea, Daegu Metropolitan City was identified as the most vulnerable region. The municipality and submunicipality levels of Daegu were also assessed in separate stages. The results indicated that Pyeongni 3-Dong in Seo-Gu was most vulnerable. Through comprehensive analysis of the results, the climate exposure index was identified as the greatest contributor to health vulnerability in Korea. Regional differences in climate exposure can be moderated by social investment in improving sensitivity and adaptive capacity. This study is significant in presenting a quantitative assessment of vulnerability to climate change by the administrative unit in South Korea. The results of this study are expected to contribute to the efficient development and implementation of climate change adaptation policies in South Korea. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptive capacity; climate change; health vulnerability; heat wave; IPCC AR4; vulnerability assessment adaptive capacity; climate change; health vulnerability; heat wave; IPCC AR4; vulnerability assessment

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Oh, K.-Y.; Lee, M.-J.; Jeon, S.-W. Development of the Korean Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Tool (VESTAP)—Centered on Health Vulnerability to Heat Waves. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1103.

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