Agroecological and Social Transformations for Coexistence with Semi-Aridity in Brazil
AbstractThis article explores whether a shift in development paradigm resulted in coexistence with semi-aridity for residents of the Semi-Arid region of Brazil (SAB). If so, which strategies contributed and which conditions facilitated it? We conducted a comparative analysis of the transformations that occurred in 10 territories of the SAB during two time periods: PI (1973–2001) when “development” policies almost exclusively aimed to “combat drought and its effects”; and PII (2002–2016) when a concept of coexistence with semi-aridity informed policy making. Our study from the 10 territories of the SAB show significant changes between PI and PII. On average, there was a substantial improvement in Access to Water Infrastructure (+33%∆), Diversification of Production Systems (Animals +36%∆; Crops +61%∆), Management of Common Pool Resources (+45%∆), Involvement in Spaces of Political Organizing (+24%∆), and Access to Public Programs (+29%∆). As such, “coexistence” went from concept to action as a consequence of structural, agroecological, social, and management transformations in combination with a strengthening of mechanisms for community reciprocity. These were characterized by (a) the creation of resource reserves for use during times of drought; (b) the efficient use of available natural resources; and (c) enhanced articulation between diverse actors. View Full-Text
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Pérez-Marin, A.M.; Rogé, P.; Altieri, M.A.; Forer, L.F.U.; Silveira, L.; Oliveira, V.M.; Domingues-Leiva, B.E. Agroecological and Social Transformations for Coexistence with Semi-Aridity in Brazil. Sustainability 2017, 9, 990.
Pérez-Marin AM, Rogé P, Altieri MA, Forer LFU, Silveira L, Oliveira VM, Domingues-Leiva BE. Agroecological and Social Transformations for Coexistence with Semi-Aridity in Brazil. Sustainability. 2017; 9(6):990.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pérez-Marin, Aldrin M.; Rogé, Paul; Altieri, Miguel A.; Forer, Luis F. Ulloa; Silveira, Luciano; Oliveira, Victor M.; Domingues-Leiva, Barbara E. 2017. "Agroecological and Social Transformations for Coexistence with Semi-Aridity in Brazil." Sustainability 9, no. 6: 990.