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Sustainability 2017, 9(6), 915; doi:10.3390/su9060915

Comparing Patent and Scientific Literature in Airborne Wind Energy

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, 88040-900 Santa Catarina, Brazil
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Academic Editor: Tomonobu Senjyu
Received: 20 February 2017 / Revised: 24 May 2017 / Accepted: 25 May 2017 / Published: 31 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Electric Power Systems Research)
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Abstract

Airborne Wind Energy (AWE) is a renewable energy technology that uses wind power devices rather than traditional wind turbines that take advantage of the kinetic wind energy, and remain in the air due to aerodynamic forces. This article aims to compare the scientific literature with the patents on wind power with tethered airfoils, to obtain better insights into the literature of this area of knowledge. The method used in this study was a comparative bibliometric analysis, using the Web of Science and Derwent Innovations Index databases, and the Network Analysis Interface for Literature Review software and VosViewer. It was possible to verify the main authors, research centers and companies, countries and journals that publish on the subject; the most cited documents; the technological classes; and the networks of collaborations of this work. It was also possible to identify that researches on wind energy with tethered airfoils began their studies in the late 1970s with the first patent apparently dated from 1975 by the inventors Dai and Dai. The first scientific publication was in 1979 by authors Fletcher and Roberts, followed by Loyd in 1980. United States is the country that presented the highest number of patents and scientific papers. Both scientific papers and patents set up networks of collaboration; that is, important authors are interacting with others to establish cooperative partnerships. View Full-Text
Keywords: airborne wind energy; patents; literature review airborne wind energy; patents; literature review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mendonça, A.K.S.; Vaz, C.R.; Lezana, Á.G.R.; Anacleto, C.A.; Paladini, E.P. Comparing Patent and Scientific Literature in Airborne Wind Energy. Sustainability 2017, 9, 915.

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