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Sustainability 2017, 9(6), 896; doi:10.3390/su9060896

Municipal Solid Waste Management in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: Systems Analysis

Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, Hokkaidō 060-0808, Japan
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Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 10 April 2017 / Revised: 19 May 2017 / Accepted: 22 May 2017 / Published: 25 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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Abstract

Research was conducted in Ulaanbaatar (UB), Mongolia with a view of finding ways of making its municipal solid waste management (MSWM) more efficient by minimizing the negative impact of waste on the environment and public health whilst increasing its resource efficiency in a manner that is economically and financially viable. In this study, “Wasteaware” benchmark indicators were applied to assess the current system for MSWM in UB according to its physical and governance features. Data were obtained from site visits, interviews with the key stakeholders, and consulting of official documents and reports. The results of benchmark indicators showed that, in terms of Public Health, Environmental Control and Institutional Aspects, UB had surpassed the levels of low- and lower-middle-income countries and sufficed the prerequisites for modernizing its waste management system. However, there are still some major steps ahead to fully transition to a modern system. Our study brought significant contributions by filling the existing literature gaps for UB and identified its key strengths and areas for improvement. We conclude that an improvement in data collection and reporting, and widespread consultation with all stakeholders would impact positively on the improvement of the efficiency of the MSWM in UB and other developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: MSWM; benchmark indicators; Ulaanbaatar; Mongolia; ger districts MSWM; benchmark indicators; Ulaanbaatar; Mongolia; ger districts
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Byamba, B.; Ishikawa, M. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: Systems Analysis. Sustainability 2017, 9, 896.

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