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Sustainability 2017, 9(6), 881; doi:10.3390/su9060881

Factors Influencing Consumers’ Intentions to Participate in a Formal E-Waste Collection System: A Case Study of Onitsha, Nigeria

1
Faculty of Management and Economics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
2
Sino-Us Global Logistics Institute (SUGLI), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 1954 Huashan Rd., Xuhui District, Shanghai 200030, China
3
Department of Management and Law, Faculty of Economics, University of Rome Tor Vergata Via Columbia, Rome 2-00133, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 1 March 2017 / Revised: 15 May 2017 / Accepted: 17 May 2017 / Published: 23 May 2017
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Abstract

Due to the increasing amount of electronic waste (e-waste) generated in Nigeria, challenges such as consumer disposal behaviors have emerged. An understanding of consumers’ intentions to participate in formal e-waste collections is key in increasing the level of participation in an e-waste collection scheme. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) creates an applicable platform for identifying the determinants of recycling intention. Based on the TPB, we develop a theoretical framework to study how influencing factors such as attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and environmental knowledge influence intentions to participate in formal e-waste collections. Additionally, we extend the research framework to examine whether the factors of infrastructure and economic incentive moderate the relationships between the influencing factors and intention. Using an empirical survey conducted in Onitsha with 384 usable questionnaire responses, we observe that attitude, subjective norm, and environmental knowledge directly influence consumers’ intentions. Statistical results also show that only the factor of infrastructure moderates the relationship between two influencing factors (attitude and subjective norm) and intention. The resulting negative coefficients of regression for the interactions indicate that the introduction of infrastructure will result in a weaker influencing ability of attitude and subjective norm on intention. Thus, the implications of this study in motivating consumers’ intentions suggest it would be beneficial for the government to provide functional and adequately managed infrastructure situated close to the community, such that it can be easily accessed by household consumers. View Full-Text
Keywords: e-waste; theory of planned behavior; influencing factors; moderating factors; intention e-waste; theory of planned behavior; influencing factors; moderating factors; intention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nduneseokwu, C.K.; Qu, Y.; Appolloni, A. Factors Influencing Consumers’ Intentions to Participate in a Formal E-Waste Collection System: A Case Study of Onitsha, Nigeria. Sustainability 2017, 9, 881.

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