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Sustainability 2017, 9(6), 1028; doi:10.3390/su9061028

Assessing the Effect of Carbon Tariffs on International Trade and Emission Reduction of China’s Industrial Products under the Background of Global Climate Governance

1
and
2,3,*
1
Guangdong Institute for International Strategies, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou 510420, China
2
School of Economics and Trade, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou 510420, China
3
Industrial Engineering Department, Technical University of Madrid, 28006 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 May 2017 / Revised: 2 June 2017 / Accepted: 10 June 2017 / Published: 15 June 2017
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Abstract

This paper simulates the effect of a carbon tariff on China’s trade of industrial products and emission reduction through the GTAP 8.0 model, when the European Union, the United States, and Japan impose a carbon tariff simultaneously or respectively. The conclusions indicate: (1) a carbon tariff will cause a decrease in exports for high-carbon industries and generate an increase in exports for low-carbon industries; (2) a carbon tariff will cause a greater reduction on imports for low-carbon industries than that for high-carbon industries; (3) a carbon tariff will also generate a noticeable increase in output for light industry and a decrease in output for heavy industry; and (4) a carbon tariff has an obviously positive effect on emission reduction for China’s industrial sector, which bears the most responsibility of emission reduction. Based on these conclusions, this paper puts forward some corresponding policy suggestions. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate governance; carbon tariffs; industrial sector; carbon intensity; GTAP model; carbon emission reduction climate governance; carbon tariffs; industrial sector; carbon intensity; GTAP model; carbon emission reduction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chen, W.; Guo, Q. Assessing the Effect of Carbon Tariffs on International Trade and Emission Reduction of China’s Industrial Products under the Background of Global Climate Governance. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1028.

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