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Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 833; doi:10.3390/su9050833

A Note on Medium- and Long-Term Global Energy Prospects and Scenarios

1
Department of Economics, University of Perugia, Via A. Pascoli 20, 06125 Perugia, Italy
2
Department of Engineering, Roma TRE University, Via Vito Volterra 62, 00146 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Engineering, University of Perugia, Via G. Duranti 93, 06125 Perugia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 15 February 2017 / Revised: 23 April 2017 / Accepted: 9 May 2017 / Published: 16 May 2017

Abstract

The paper presents recent and future trends of the world energy market, as highlighted by medium- and long-term projections. Energy demand and energy consumptions projected by IEA (International Energy Agency) are examined, in comparison with projections provided by other international agencies and companies in the energy sector. In particular, energy resources, energy consumption and economic growth both in developing and developed countries are presented, with a particular attention to the role of energy efficiency, nuclear power, unconventional fossil resources and renewable energies. Sustainable development issues, according to the global climate agreement signed at COP21, are also presented. The outlook period extends up to 2040. The results confirm a worldwide interest in renewable and unconventional resources for the forthcoming decades, as well as efforts to increase the energy efficiency potential in all end-use sectors to reduce the overall environmental impact of energy production. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy projections; energy efficiency; nuclear power; unconventional resources; renewables; low carbon production; sustainable development; COP21 energy projections; energy efficiency; nuclear power; unconventional resources; renewables; low carbon production; sustainable development; COP21
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bollino, C.A.; Asdrubali, F.; Polinori, P.; Bigerna, S.; Micheli, S.; Guattari, C.; Rotili, A. A Note on Medium- and Long-Term Global Energy Prospects and Scenarios. Sustainability 2017, 9, 833.

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