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Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 745; doi:10.3390/su9050745

Workers’ Age and the Impact of Psychological Factors on the Perception of Safety at Construction Sites

ErgoMechanics Laboratory Industrial and Management Engineering, Hanyang University, Ansan 426-791, Korea
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Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 27 February 2017 / Revised: 26 April 2017 / Accepted: 29 April 2017 / Published: 4 May 2017
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Abstract

The safety of construction workers is always a major concern at construction sites as the construction industry is inherently dangerous with many factors influencing worker safety. Several studies concluded that psychological factors such as workload, organizational relationships, mental stress, job security, and job satisfaction have significant effects on workers’ safety. However, research on psychological factors that are characteristic of different age groups have been limited. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of psychological factors on the perception of worker safety for two different age groups. After an extensive literature review, different psychological factors were identified, and a hypothetical research model was developed based on psychological factors that could affect workers’ perception of safety. A survey instrument was developed, and data were collected from seven different construction sites in Pakistan. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to test the hypothetical model for both age groups. The results revealed that workload and job satisfaction are significantly dominant factors on workers’ perception of safety in older workers, whereas organizational relationships, mental stress, and job security are dominant factors for younger workers at construction sites. View Full-Text
Keywords: age; psychological factors; perception of safety; young workers; old workers; structural equation modeling; construction industry; Pakistan age; psychological factors; perception of safety; young workers; old workers; structural equation modeling; construction industry; Pakistan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Idrees, M.D.; Hafeez, M.; Kim, J.-Y. Workers’ Age and the Impact of Psychological Factors on the Perception of Safety at Construction Sites. Sustainability 2017, 9, 745.

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