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Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 715; doi:10.3390/su9050715

Measuring the Changes of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Caused by the Trans-Pacific Partnership

1
Faculty of Bioresource Sciences, Akita Prefectural University, Akita 010-0195, Japan
2
Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8589, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 February 2017 / Revised: 14 April 2017 / Accepted: 25 April 2017 / Published: 29 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is one of the proposed mega-free trade agreements. While several previous studies have measured the economic impact of the trade liberalization resulting from the TPP, the TPP may have not only a very large economic impact, but also a significant environmental impact, such as changes in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the debate over TPP and GHG emissions by asking the following question: Will the TPP increase or decrease GHG emissions? We estimate the potential impact on GHG emissions changes caused by the TPP using the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) model, and the GTAP CO2 and non-CO2 emissions databases. Our results suggest that the TPP is likely to increase the total amount of GHG emissions in the 12 TPP member countries, as well as global emissions. The main reason for increasing TPP member and global GHG emissions is non-CO2 emissions growth in Australia and the US. View Full-Text
Keywords: Trans-Pacific Partnership; greenhouse gas; Global Trade Analysis Project Trans-Pacific Partnership; greenhouse gas; Global Trade Analysis Project
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Akahori, H.; Sawauchi, D.; Yamamoto, Y. Measuring the Changes of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Caused by the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Sustainability 2017, 9, 715.

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