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Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 667; doi:10.3390/su9040667

The Higher Carbon Intensity of Loans, the Higher Non-Performing Loan Ratio: The Case of China

1
School of Statistics and Mathematics, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
2
School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Ioppolo
Received: 31 March 2017 / Revised: 16 April 2017 / Accepted: 19 April 2017 / Published: 22 April 2017
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Abstract

In response to the call of the Chinese government to support low-carbon development, the issue has come to the view gradually as to whether the behaviors of banks’ green credit will contribute to easing their own credit risk. To reflect the behaviors of green credit of banks in detail, an indicator, named the carbon intensity of loans (CIL), is first proposed in this paper to measure the carbon emissions with association of the loans for commercial banks, on basis of the series of the input–output table. Then, a panel data model is used to explore the relationship between CIL and non-performing loan ratio, which measures the credit risk of banks. Based on the data of China’s commercial banks from 2007 to 2014, an empirical study has been conducted to investigate the impacts of CIL upon the non-performing loan ratio from a microscopic-level perspective. The result indicates that CIL has a positive effect on the non-performing loan ratio of banks. Since CIL is considered a significant indicator for the banks’ green credit, this paper comes to a conclusion that the green credit policy not only contributes to achieving of the emission-reduction targets for the society, but also promotes the development of banks’ credit risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: green credit policy; input–output table series; carbon intensity of loans; non-performing loan ratio green credit policy; input–output table series; carbon intensity of loans; non-performing loan ratio
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Guan, R.; Zheng, H.; Hu, J.; Fang, Q.; Ren, R. The Higher Carbon Intensity of Loans, the Higher Non-Performing Loan Ratio: The Case of China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 667.

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