Next Article in Journal
Total Factor Energy Efficiency of China’s Industrial Sector: A Stochastic Frontier Analysis
Previous Article in Journal
Problems with Firm-Led Voluntary Sustainability Schemes: The Case of Direct Trade Coffee
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 652; doi:10.3390/su9040652

An Approach to Evaluating Light Pollution in Residential Zones: A Case Study of Beijing

1
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101, China
2
School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
3
School of Geographic Sciences and Urban Planning, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 14 March 2017 / Revised: 2 April 2017 / Accepted: 14 April 2017 / Published: 19 April 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3334 KB, uploaded 20 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

Outdoor lighting is becoming increasingly widespread, and residents are suffering from serious light pollution as a result. Residents’ awareness of their rights to protection has gradually increased. However, due to the sometimes-inaccessible nature of residential vertical light incidence intensity data and the high cost of obtaining specific measurements, there is no appropriate hierarchic compensation for residents suffering from different degrees of light pollution. It is therefore important to measure light pollution levels and their damage at the neighborhood scale to provide residents with basic materials for proper protection and to create more politically-suitable solutions. This article presents a light pollution assessment method that is easy to perform, is low-cost and has a short data-processing cycle. This method can be used to monitor residential zone light pollution in other cities. We chose three open areas to test the spatial variation pattern of light intensity. The results are in accordance with spatial interpolation patterns and can be fit, with high precision, using the inverse distance weighted interpolation (IDW) method. This approach can also be used in three dimensions to quantitatively evaluate the distribution of light intensity. We use a mixed-use zone in Beijing known as The Place as our case study area. The vertical illumination at the windows of residential buildings ranges from 2 lux to 23 lux; the illumination in some areas is far higher than the value recommended by CIE. Such severe light pollution can seriously interfere with people's daily lives and has a serious influence on their rest and health. The results of this survey will serve as an important database to assess whether the planning of night-time lighting is scientific, and it will help protect the rights of residents and establish distinguished compensation mechanisms for light pollution. View Full-Text
Keywords: light pollution; monitoring approach; spatial distribution; residential zone; Beijing light pollution; monitoring approach; spatial distribution; residential zone; Beijing
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Jin, X.; Li, Y.; Zhang, J.; Zheng, J.; Liu, H. An Approach to Evaluating Light Pollution in Residential Zones: A Case Study of Beijing. Sustainability 2017, 9, 652.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top