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Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 600; doi:10.3390/su9040600

The Role of Natural Gas and Renewable Energy in Curbing Carbon Emission: Case Study of the United States

School of Economic & Management, China University of Petroleum (Huadong), No. 66 West Changjiang Road, Qingdao 257000, China
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Received: 20 March 2017 / Revised: 10 April 2017 / Accepted: 11 April 2017 / Published: 13 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
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Abstract

This paper adopts the vector auto-regression model (VAR) to study the dynamic effect of renewable energy consumption on carbon dioxide emissions. Our model is based on a given level of primary energy consumption, economic growth and natural gas consumption in the US, from 1990 to 2015. Our results indicate that a long-running equilibrium relationship exists between carbon emissions and four other variables. According to the variance decomposition of carbon dioxide emissions, the use of primary energy has a positive and notable influence on CO2 emissions, compared to other variables. From the Impulse Response Function (IRF) results, we find that the use of renewable energy would remarkably reduce carbon emissions, despite leading to an increase in emissions in the early stages. Natural gas consumption will have a negative impact on CO2 emissions in the beginning, but will have only a modest impact on carbon emission reductions in the long run. Finally, our study indicates that the use of renewable forms of energy is an effective solution to help reduce carbon dioxide emissions. The findings of our study will help policy makers develop energy-saving and emission-reduction policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 emissions; renewable energy consumption; vector auto-regression (VAR) model CO2 emissions; renewable energy consumption; vector auto-regression (VAR) model
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Li, R.; Su, M. The Role of Natural Gas and Renewable Energy in Curbing Carbon Emission: Case Study of the United States. Sustainability 2017, 9, 600.

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