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Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 569; doi:10.3390/su9040569

Empirical Study of China’s Provincial Carbon Responsibility Sharing: Provincial Value Chain Perspective

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1,* , 3,4,5,* and 1
1
School of Economy & Trade, Hunan University, No. 109 Shi Jia Chong Road, Changsha 410079, China
2
Two-Oriented Society Research Institute of Hunan University, No. 2 South Lushan Road, Changsha 410012, China
3
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
4
Collaborative Innovation Center for Territorial Sovereignty and Maritime Rights of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
5
School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc Rosen
Received: 30 November 2016 / Revised: 23 March 2017 / Accepted: 4 April 2017 / Published: 8 April 2017
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Abstract

Against the background of global warming, China has vowed to meet a series of carbon emissions reduction targets and plans to launch a national carbon emissions rights trading market by 2017. Therefore, from the provincial value chain perspective, using input-output tables from China in 2002, 2007, and 2010, this study constructs models to calculate the CO2 emissions responsibility of each province under the production, consumption, and value capture principles, respectively. Empirical results indicate that Shandong, Hebei, Jiangsu, Guangdong, and Henan bear the most responsibility for CO2 emissions under the three principles in China, while Hainan and Qinghai have the least responsibility. However, there is a great difference in the proportion of carbon emissions responsibility for each province during the same period under different principles or different periods under the same principle. For consumption-oriented areas such as Beijing, Tianjin, Zhejiang, Shanghai, and Guangdong, the production principle is more favorable, and the consumption principle is more beneficial for production-oriented provinces such as Hebei, Henan, Liaoning, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, and Shaanxi. However, the value capture principle strikes a compromise of the CO2 emissions responsibility of each province between the production and consumption principles, and it shares the CO2 emissions responsibility based on the actual value captured by each province in the provincial value chain. The value capture principle is conducive to the fair and reasonable division of CO2 emissions rights of each province by sectors, as well as the construction of a standardized carbon emissions rights trading market. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon responsibility sharing; production principle; consumption principle; value capture principle; provincial value chain carbon responsibility sharing; production principle; consumption principle; value capture principle; provincial value chain
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Xie, R.; Gao, C.; Zhao, G.; Liu, Y.; Xu, S. Empirical Study of China’s Provincial Carbon Responsibility Sharing: Provincial Value Chain Perspective. Sustainability 2017, 9, 569.

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