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Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 535; doi:10.3390/su9040535

Agroecology, Public Policies and Labor-Driven Intensification: Alternative Development Trajectories in the Brazilian Semi-Arid Region

AS-PTA, Rio de Janeiro 22270-070, Brazil
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Academic Editor: Manuel González de Molina
Received: 30 December 2016 / Revised: 9 March 2017 / Accepted: 29 March 2017 / Published: 31 March 2017
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Abstract

The institutional recognition obtained by family farming in Brazil over recent decades has translated into the launching of a broad and diverse set of public policies specifically aimed towards this sociopolitical category. However, the design of these policies was heavily influenced by the productivist bias derived from the agricultural modernization paradigm, making the sector increasingly dependent on input and capital markets. In this same movement of institutional evolution, policies consistent with the agroecological approach created new margins for maneuvering for development trajectories founded on the use of local resources self-controlled by rural families and communities. Taking as a reference the recent trajectory of rural development in Brazil’s semi-arid region, the article analyses the role of the agroecological perspective in the strategic combination between territorially endogenous rural resources and public resources redistributed by the State. Based on the analysis of the economy of agroecosystems linked to two sociotechnical networks structured by contrasting logics of productive intensification, the study demonstrates agroecology’s potential as a scientific-technological approach for the combined attainment of various Sustainable Development Goals, starting with the economic and political emancipation of the socially most vulnerable portions of the rural population. View Full-Text
Keywords: rural development; agroecology; agricultural intensification; public policies; sociopolitical innovation rural development; agroecology; agricultural intensification; public policies; sociopolitical innovation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Petersen, P.F.; Silveira, L.M. Agroecology, Public Policies and Labor-Driven Intensification: Alternative Development Trajectories in the Brazilian Semi-Arid Region. Sustainability 2017, 9, 535.

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