Next Article in Journal
Screening Indicators for the Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI)
Next Article in Special Issue
A Cointegration Analysis of Real GDP and CO2 Emissions in Transitional Countries
Previous Article in Journal
Industry Interdependence Dynamics and Structure Change Causal Analysis: An Empirical Study on China’s Shipbuilding Industry
Previous Article in Special Issue
Oil Price and Economic Resilience. Romania’s Case
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 506; doi:10.3390/su9040506

Rural Solid Waste Management in China: Status, Problems and Challenges

1
School of Economic and Management, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China
2
Center for Experimental Economics in Education, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
3
School of Economics and Finance, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710061, China
4
Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
5
Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-6455, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michael A. Peters, Hershey H. Friedman, Popescu H. Gheorghe, Panagiotis Mantalos, Linda Weiser Friedman and Andrei Jean Vasile
Received: 12 February 2017 / Revised: 13 March 2017 / Accepted: 23 March 2017 / Published: 29 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Resilient Economics and the Regional Sustainable Economic Growth)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1086 KB, uploaded 29 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

This paper seeks to describe the overall state of Rural Solid Waste Management (RSWM) in China in three main areas: waste collection services, waste transportation services and waste disposal services. Given China’s urbanization, industrialization, and the subsequent improvement of household living standards, the amount of solid waste generated in rural China has increased rapidly. Based on primary data collected in 2016 from 100 villages across five provinces in China, we find that the proportion of villages with waste collection, waste transportation, and waste disposal services in 2015 is 80%, 55% and 22%, respectively. The differences in shares of villages with these services across provinces are statistically significant. Using descriptive and econometric analyses, the authors show that richer villages are more likely to provide rural solid waste (RSW) collection and transportation services. Villages with new (newly elected or appointed) village leaders are more likely to supply RSW disposal services. While the majority of villages report that they offer waste collection services (installing waste collection facilities and employing waste collection workers), the vast majority of villages do not transport their waste to treatment plants. Even fewer villages report using centralized disposal methods to dispose of waste, as required by law or regulation. This study represents the first effort to describe the state and determinants of waste management services in rural China in the wake of increased investment in and new policies regarding RSWM released in 2015. Additionally, we provide evidence-based suggestions that might be useful for policy makers interested in improving RSWM in China. These suggestions include increasing investments in waste collection facilities and worker services; encouraging local residents to classify and recycle waste; designing optimal waste transportation networks and routes; and improving on-site waste disposal technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: rural solid waste; management; regulation; determinants; policy suggestions; China rural solid waste; management; regulation; determinants; policy suggestions; China
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, A.; Zhang, L.; Shi, Y.; Rozelle, S.; Osborn, A.; Yang, M. Rural Solid Waste Management in China: Status, Problems and Challenges. Sustainability 2017, 9, 506.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top