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Sustainability 2017, 9(3), 471; doi:10.3390/su9030471

Characteristics of Pollutants and Microbial Communities Obtained in Simulated Lysimeters of Swine Carcasses

1
Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Suwon, 17, Wauan-gil, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do 18323, Korea
2
Department of Environmental Health, Korea National Open University, 86, Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03087, Korea
3
Institute of River Environmental Technology, 17, Wauan-gil, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do 18323, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Geonha Kim, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Zeng-Yei Hseu and Meththika Vithanage
Received: 30 December 2016 / Revised: 14 March 2017 / Accepted: 15 March 2017 / Published: 21 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Management of Post-Epidemic Mass Carcasses Burial Sites)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1391 KB, uploaded 21 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

This study was performed to investigate the characteristics of pollutants and microbial communities obtained in simulated lysimeters and to evaluate the effects of anaerobic sludge and water on the biodegradation of swine carcasses. The leachate production rates of Lysimeters 2 and 3 with the addition of anaerobic sludge were higher than that of Lysimeter 1 (control). The methane production rate of Lysimeter 3 with anaerobic sludge addition and increased water content was higher than those of other lysimeters. The result of microbial community analysis revealed that the relative abundances of Proteobacteria including pathogens in Lysimeter 3 were lower than those in other lysimeters. Overall, this study demonstrated that the proper operating conditions of lysimeters accelerated the stabilization of swine carcasses and could contribute to sustainable land use. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodegradation; lysimeters; anaerobic sludge; water content; swine carcass biodegradation; lysimeters; anaerobic sludge; water content; swine carcass
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Choi, J.-M.; Han, S.-K.; Lee, C.-Y. Characteristics of Pollutants and Microbial Communities Obtained in Simulated Lysimeters of Swine Carcasses. Sustainability 2017, 9, 471.

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