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Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 313; doi:10.3390/su9020313

Analyzing Agricultural Agglomeration in China

1
Collaborative Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization of Henan Province, Centre for Coordinative Development in Zhongyuan Economic Region & Institute for Regional Development and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China
2
Johnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5B8, Canada
3
Centre for Coordinative Development in Zhongyuan Economic Region, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou 450000, China
4
Department of Geography, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA
5
Department of Geography & Geology, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX 77340, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 January 2017 / Accepted: 4 February 2017 / Published: 20 February 2017
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Abstract

There has been little scholarly research on Chinese agriculture’s geographic pattern of agglomeration and its evolutionary mechanisms, which are essential to sustainable development in China. By calculating the barycenter coordinates, the Gini coefficient, spatial autocorrelation and specialization indices for 11 crops during 1981–2012, we analyze the evolutionary pattern and mechanisms of agricultural agglomeration. We argue that the degree of spatial concentration of Chinese planting has been gradually increasing and that regional specialization and diversification have progressively been strengthened. Furthermore, Chinese crop production is moving from the eastern provinces to the central and western provinces. This is in contrast to Chinese manufacturing growth which has continued to be concentrated in the coastal and southeastern regions. In Northeast China, the Sanjiang and Songnen plains have become agricultural clustering regions, and the earlier domination of aquaculture and rice production in Southeast China has gradually decreased. In summary, this paper provides a political economy framework for understanding the regionalization of Chinese agriculture, focusing on the interaction among the objectives, decisionmaking behavior, path dependencies and spatial effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural evolution; geographical agglomeration; agricultural clusters; spatial analysis; China agricultural evolution; geographical agglomeration; agricultural clusters; spatial analysis; China
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Li, E.; Coates, K.; Li, X.; Ye, X.; Leipnik, M. Analyzing Agricultural Agglomeration in China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 313.

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