Next Article in Journal
Analyzing Agricultural Agglomeration in China
Next Article in Special Issue
Pilot-Scale Bio-Augmented Aerobic Composting of Excavated Foot-And-Mouth Disease Carcasses
Previous Article in Journal
Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation—A Sustainable Development Systems Perspective
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effect of Corn Residue Biochar on the Hydraulic Properties of Sandy Loam Soil
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 310; doi:10.3390/su9020310

Assessment of Soil Health in Urban Agriculture: Soil Enzymes and Microbial Properties

1
Korea Biochar Research Center & School of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Korea
2
Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
3
Southern Cross GeoScience, Southern Cross University, Lismore 2480, Australia
4
Division of Environment-Friendly Agriculture Research, Gyeogsangnam-Do Agricultural Research and Extension Service, Jinju 52773, Korea
5
Department of Environmental Horticulture, The University of Seoul, Seoul 02504, Korea
6
Department of Environment and Energy Engineering, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea
7
Department of Environmental Engineering, Chosun University, Gwangju 61452, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 August 2016 / Accepted: 16 February 2017 / Published: 20 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Management of Post-Epidemic Mass Carcasses Burial Sites)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [815 KB, uploaded 22 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Urban agriculture has been recently highlighted with the increased importance for recreation in modern society; however, soil quality and public health may not be guaranteed because of continuous exposure to various pollutants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the soil quality of urban agriculture by soil microbial assessments. Two independent variables, organic and inorganic fertilizers, were considered. The activities of soil enzymes including dehydrogenase, β-glucosidase, arylsulfatase, urease, alkaline and acid phosphatases were used as indicators of important microbial mediated functions and the soil chemical properties were measured in the soils applied with organic or inorganic fertilizer for 10 years. Fatty acid methyl ester analysis was applied to determine the soil microbial community composition. Relatively higher microbial community richness and enzyme activities were found in the organic fertilizers applied soils as compared to the inorganic fertilizers applied soils. Principal component analysis explained the positive influence of organic fertilizers on the microbial community. The application of organic fertilizers can be a better alternative compared to inorganic fertilizers for the long-term health and security of urban agriculture. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban agriculture; soil quality; soil enzyme; organic fertilizer; FAME urban agriculture; soil quality; soil enzyme; organic fertilizer; FAME
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Igalavithana, A.D.; Lee, S.S.; Niazi, N.K.; Lee, Y.-H.; Kim, K.H.; Park, J.-H.; Moon, D.H.; Ok, Y.S. Assessment of Soil Health in Urban Agriculture: Soil Enzymes and Microbial Properties. Sustainability 2017, 9, 310.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top