Next Article in Journal
How to Set the Allowance Benchmarking for Cement Industry in China’s Carbon Market: Marginal Analysis and the Case of the Hubei Emission Trading Pilot
Next Article in Special Issue
The Effects of Weather on Oilseed Rape (OSR) Yield in China: Future Implications of Climate Change
Previous Article in Journal
Erratum: Muhammad, S.; Fathelrahman, E.; Tasbih Ullah, R.U. The Significance of Consumer’s Awareness about Organic Food Products in the United Arab Emirates. Sustainability 2016, 8, 833
Previous Article in Special Issue
Financial Inclusion, Entry Barriers, and Entrepreneurship: Evidence from China
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 304; doi:10.3390/su9020304

The New Cooperative Medical Scheme and Self-Employment in Rural China

1
College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
2
Center for Food and Health Economic Research, College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Hongbo Liu, Sizhong Sun and Iain Gordon
Received: 29 October 2016 / Revised: 5 January 2017 / Accepted: 14 February 2017 / Published: 22 February 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [200 KB, uploaded 22 February 2017]

Abstract

Using panel data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey, this study estimates the effect of the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) on self-employment in rural China, based on a difference-in-differences method (combined with propensity score matching). Specifically, we compare employment status of the participants and non-participants groups before and after the NCMS was implemented (within the common-support region). We found that the NCMS increased a rural resident’s likelihood of shifting from working for others to self-employed by 38 percentage points and that of shifting from temporarily employed to self-employed by 23 percentage points. These results suggest that apart from reducing uncertainty in future spending for the insured due to catastrophic illness, universal health insurance could also have a positive effect on the labor market, namely, that of increasing rates of self-employment. View Full-Text
Keywords: universal health insurance; self-employment; difference-in-differences; propensity score matching; rural China universal health insurance; self-employment; difference-in-differences; propensity score matching; rural China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Su, B.; Thierry, G.H.; Chen, Q.; Zhao, Q. The New Cooperative Medical Scheme and Self-Employment in Rural China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 304.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top