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Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 224; doi:10.3390/su9020224

Solid-State Fermentation as a Novel Paradigm for Organic Waste Valorization: A Review

1
Composting Research Group, Department of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
2
Department of Environmental Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, University Campus, 69100 Komotini, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 29 November 2016 / Revised: 26 January 2017 / Accepted: 31 January 2017 / Published: 8 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Solid Waste Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [676 KB, uploaded 8 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

The abundance of organic solid waste throughout the world has become a common issue that needs complete management at every level. Also, the scarcity of fuel and the competition between food and substance as an alternative to a petroleum-based product has become a major problem that needs to be properly handled. An urge to find renewable substances for sustainable development results in a strategy to valorize organic solid waste using solid state fermentation (SSF) and to manage the issue of solid wastes in a green approach. This paper reviews management of solid wastes using SSF, with regard to its current application, advantages and challenges, downstream processing in SSF, economic viewpoint, and future perspectives. View Full-Text
Keywords: solid state fermentation (SSF); downstream processing; organic wastes; value-added; enzymes; organic acids; biopesticides; biosurfactants; aroma compounds solid state fermentation (SSF); downstream processing; organic wastes; value-added; enzymes; organic acids; biopesticides; biosurfactants; aroma compounds
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Abu Yazid, N.; Barrena, R.; Komilis, D.; Sánchez, A. Solid-State Fermentation as a Novel Paradigm for Organic Waste Valorization: A Review. Sustainability 2017, 9, 224.

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