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Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 179; doi:10.3390/su9020179

Encouraging Vietnamese Household Recycling Behavior: Insights and Implications

Faculty of Marketing, Vietnam University of Commerce, Ho Tung Mau Road, Hanoi 122414, Vietnam
Department of Research Administration, Vietnam University of Commerce, Ho Tung Mau Road, Hanoi 122414, Vietnam
Faculty of Business and Law, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, VIC 3122, Australia
Faculty of Economics and Law, Vietnam University of Commerce, Ho Tung Mau Road, Hanoi 122414, Vietnam
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 23 December 2016 / Revised: 19 January 2017 / Accepted: 23 January 2017 / Published: 26 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [813 KB, uploaded 26 January 2017]   |  


This research aims to provide new insights into various determinants affecting household recycling. By focusing on Vietnam, this research also extends knowledge about sustainable behavior in emerging markets, which are the major culprits in terms of greenhouse gas emissions. Hypotheses were developed as a result of the critical review of relevant studies in the fields of marketing, psychology, and economics, and then tested using a quantitative survey data. Structured questionnaires were administered to Vietnamese respondents which yielded 486 usable responses. Multivariate statistics reveal that all the determinants influenced their recycling behavior except for moral norms. Attitude towards the importance of recycling exerted the strongest influence, followed by subjective norms and warm glow respectively. On the other hand, attitude towards the inconvenience of recycling significantly reduced recycling behavior. The research findings have important implications for strategies aimed at promoting recycling behavior. Communication and education programs should emphasize how household recycling contributes to environmental protection, as well as stress intrinsic rewards when recycling. Public media campaigns should feature opinion leaders and attractive communicators, who can effectively apply social pressure to perform recycling behavior. Organizations should also make every effort to make recycling more convenient. View Full-Text
Keywords: recycling behavior; attitudes; norms; warm glow; emerging markets; Vietnam recycling behavior; attitudes; norms; warm glow; emerging markets; Vietnam

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Nguyen, T.N.; Nguyen, H.V.; Lobo, A.; Dao, T.S. Encouraging Vietnamese Household Recycling Behavior: Insights and Implications. Sustainability 2017, 9, 179.

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