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Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2380; doi:10.3390/su9122380

The Safety of Transnational Imported Second-Hand Cars: A Case Study on Vehicle-to-Vehicle Crashes in Romania

1
College of Political, Administrative and Comunication Sciences, Babeş-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Minerilor Street, 85, 400409 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2
Bielefeld Graduate School in History and Sociology, Bielefeld University, Universitätsstraße 25, 33615 Bielefeld, Germany
3
Faculty of Geography, Babeş-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Clinicilor Street, 5-7, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
4
Regional Economics Department, University of Miskolc, 3515 Miskolc-Egyetemvaros, Hungary
All authors contributed equally to the research presented in this paper and to the preparation of the final manuscript.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 November 2017 / Revised: 8 December 2017 / Accepted: 13 December 2017 / Published: 20 December 2017
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Abstract

Certain features of imported second-hand cars (e.g., age, degree of wear and tear, technical design) can increase their likelihood for traffic crashes. Three official datasets which cover an eight year period (2008–2015) are used to test the connection between importation of second-hand cars and different types of traffic crashes. The traffic crashes database was provided by the Traffic Department of the General Inspectorate of Romanian Police (GIRPTD). The car registration database was provided by Driving-License and Vehicles-Registration Direction (DLVRD). Right-hand driving (RHD) cars database was provided by the Romanian Automotive Registry (RAR). A spatio-temporal visualization of data was performed using Geographic Information System (GIS) while for the statistical analysis we use regression models and Pearson-Correlation-coefficient. The analysis suggests that a significant part of the variation in the volume of traffic accidents can be explained by the volume of imported second-hand cars at the county level. Moreover, an even stronger direct relation exists between the number of imported second-hand cars and Severe Traffic Accidents but also in the case of RHD imported second-hand cars. The overall impact of imported second-hand cars on the traffic safety in Romania is significant but small in comparison to other types of car registration. Study results belong to the category of empirical evidence production which can improve the quality of existing traffic regulations focused both on organizing and ensuring traffic safety, and on the policy of sustainable transport infrastructure development. View Full-Text
Keywords: vehicle-to-vehicle traffic crashes; imported second-hand cars; right-hand driving cars; severe traffic accidents; traffic safety vehicle-to-vehicle traffic crashes; imported second-hand cars; right-hand driving cars; severe traffic accidents; traffic safety
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Coșciug, A.; Ciobanu, S.M.; Benedek, J. The Safety of Transnational Imported Second-Hand Cars: A Case Study on Vehicle-to-Vehicle Crashes in Romania. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2380.

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