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Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2220; doi:10.3390/su9122220

Value-Added-Based Accounting of CO2 Emissions: A Multi-Regional Input-Output Approach

1
College of Public Administration, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
2
School of Geographical Sciences, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 September 2017 / Revised: 29 November 2017 / Accepted: 29 November 2017 / Published: 1 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Footprint: As an Environmental Sustainability Indicator)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2862 KB, uploaded 1 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

In the era of globalization and international trade, the production-based CO2 emissions accounting system, proposed by United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, can easily lead to a “carbon leakage” issue. Thus, the accounting of consumption-based carbon emissions and carbon emissions embodied in international trade has received considerable research attention. Nevertheless, researchers also indicated that the consumption-based principle has some weaknesses, for example, it leads the producers inert on reducing carbon emissions while gaining economic benefits. To share carbon emissions responsibilities between producers and consumers is widely recognized. So, setting an income-based emissions accounting method as to producer is a necessary complement for accounting national carbon emissions. This study promoted a model, called the value-added-based accounting of CO2 emissions method, to account for anthropogenic CO2 emissions within the context of the economic benefit principle. Based on the global multi-regional input-output table and national carbon emissions database, we calculated the national/regional carbon emissions based on the value-added accounting approach as well as the amount of global carbon emissions embodied in value-added chains. If the results are served as a supplement for calculating the amount of CO2 emissions reduction that a country is responsible for, problems such as carbon leakage and resistance to improving the energy efficiency of exporting sector may be solved, because all the supply chains emissions associated with the economic growth of a country would be considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: embodied emissions; multi-regional input-output; value-added; global embodied emissions; multi-regional input-output; value-added; global
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Liu, H.; Fan, X. Value-Added-Based Accounting of CO2 Emissions: A Multi-Regional Input-Output Approach. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2220.

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