Value-Added-Based Accounting of CO2 Emissions: A Multi-Regional Input-Output Approach
AbstractIn the era of globalization and international trade, the production-based CO2 emissions accounting system, proposed by United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, can easily lead to a “carbon leakage” issue. Thus, the accounting of consumption-based carbon emissions and carbon emissions embodied in international trade has received considerable research attention. Nevertheless, researchers also indicated that the consumption-based principle has some weaknesses, for example, it leads the producers inert on reducing carbon emissions while gaining economic benefits. To share carbon emissions responsibilities between producers and consumers is widely recognized. So, setting an income-based emissions accounting method as to producer is a necessary complement for accounting national carbon emissions. This study promoted a model, called the value-added-based accounting of CO2 emissions method, to account for anthropogenic CO2 emissions within the context of the economic benefit principle. Based on the global multi-regional input-output table and national carbon emissions database, we calculated the national/regional carbon emissions based on the value-added accounting approach as well as the amount of global carbon emissions embodied in value-added chains. If the results are served as a supplement for calculating the amount of CO2 emissions reduction that a country is responsible for, problems such as carbon leakage and resistance to improving the energy efficiency of exporting sector may be solved, because all the supply chains emissions associated with the economic growth of a country would be considered. View Full-Text
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Liu, H.; Fan, X. Value-Added-Based Accounting of CO2 Emissions: A Multi-Regional Input-Output Approach. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2220.
Liu H, Fan X. Value-Added-Based Accounting of CO2 Emissions: A Multi-Regional Input-Output Approach. Sustainability. 2017; 9(12):2220.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Hongguang; Fan, Xiaomei. 2017. "Value-Added-Based Accounting of CO2 Emissions: A Multi-Regional Input-Output Approach." Sustainability 9, no. 12: 2220.