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Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2114; doi:10.3390/su9112114

Integrated Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Methods for the Sustainability of Historical–Cultural Structures on the Trabzon Coastline

1
Architecture Department, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Avrasya University, 61000 Trabzon, Turkey
2
Landscape Architecture Department, Faculty of Forestry, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 September 2017 / Revised: 13 November 2017 / Accepted: 15 November 2017 / Published: 17 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainability of Culture and Heritage)
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Abstract

Unsustainable urban growth has put pressure on urban coastal areas and historical–cultural structures. As such, the important role of coastline sustainability has been revealed, and planners must protect historical–cultural coast characteristics in order to increase the quality of life of citizens. For this reason, this present study investigated the effects of existing coast characteristics and historical–cultural structure changes in recreation and tourism with respect to the Trabzon coastline in Turkey. Through literature and site survey, these effects were classified using specific coastal criteria which increase and decrease coastal use, and these were grouped by factor analysis. For the main criteria, the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method was used, and for sub-criteria, the Elimination and Choice Expressing Reality (ELECTRE) method was employed, combining multi-criteria decision-making methods to generate a priority ranking for all criteria. Consequently, “socialization”, “city promotion” and “service quality” were revealed as the most effective criteria with respect to coastal use. The methods and the findings may significantly contribute to sustainable tourism planning for other urban coastal areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: historical–cultural structure; multi-criteria decision-making methods; factor analysis; recreation–tourism; Trabzon-Turkey historical–cultural structure; multi-criteria decision-making methods; factor analysis; recreation–tourism; Trabzon-Turkey
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Özdemir Işık, B.; Demir, S. Integrated Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Methods for the Sustainability of Historical–Cultural Structures on the Trabzon Coastline. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2114.

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