Next Article in Journal
Social Support and Commitment within Social Networking Site in Tourism Experience
Previous Article in Journal
Mass Spectrometry-Based Metabolomics of Agave Sap (Agave salmiana) after Its Inoculation with Microorganisms Isolated from Agave Sap Concentrate Selected to Enhance Anticancer Activity
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2109; doi:10.3390/su9112109

Relationships between Hotel and Restaurant Electricity Consumption and Tourism in 11 European Union Countries

1
Department of Economic Analysis and Political Economy, Faculty of Economics and Business Sciences, Universidad de Sevilla, Ramon y Cajal 1, Seville 41018, Spain
2
Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Santiago 758-0150, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 October 2017 / Revised: 10 November 2017 / Accepted: 15 November 2017 / Published: 16 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainability of Culture and Heritage)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [275 KB, uploaded 17 November 2017]

Abstract

Tourism is a major economic activity in the world. However, while tourism has a noticeable positive impact on economic development, it also contributes to environmental degradation by increasing energy consumption and therefore emissions. This paper analyzes the relationships between Hotel and Restaurant electricity consumption and tourism growth in 11 European Union countries for the period 2005–2012, for which there is sufficient data availability. Panel data techniques are used to test an electricity consumption function for this sector, which depends on tourism, its squared value, energy price, income and a climate variable. The results show that the Energy–Tourism Kuznets Curve hypothesis is not supported. Instead, an increasing relationship is observed between the Hotel and Restaurant sector electricity consumption and overnight stays. Results also show the effects of income and low temperatures in increasing electricity consumption, while prices have no effects. Energy efficiency measures and the adoption of renewable energy systems are recommended, with further investments therefore being necessary. View Full-Text
Keywords: tourism growth; electricity consumption; Hotel and Restaurant sector; European countries; panel data tourism growth; electricity consumption; Hotel and Restaurant sector; European countries; panel data
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Pablo-Romero, M.P.; Sánchez-Braza, A.; Sánchez-Rivas, J. Relationships between Hotel and Restaurant Electricity Consumption and Tourism in 11 European Union Countries. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2109.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top