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Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 1932; doi:10.3390/su9111932

Combining GIS Applications and Method of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (AHP) for Landfill Siting in Al-Hashimiyah Qadhaa, Babylon, Iraq

1
Department of Civil Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Lulea University of Technology, Lulea 971 87, Sweden
2
Department of Environment Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Babylon, Babylon 51001, Iraq
3
Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Kufa, Kufa 32003, Iraq
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 September 2017 / Revised: 2 October 2017 / Accepted: 24 October 2017 / Published: 25 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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Abstract

Landfill siting is a complex process. It is one of the major problems in waste management, where many factors should be taken into consideration when selecting a suitable site for landfill in any given area. At the present time, there are many random waste disposal sites distributed throughout Al-Hashimiyah Qadhaa in Iraq. In this study, the Geographic Information System (GIS) and the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) were used to select the best sites for landfill. The process of selecting sites for landfill in Al-Hashimiyah Qadhaa comprised two steps. First, fifteen different criteria were mapped and incorporated into overlay analyses within GIS software to produce the final suitability index map for the site. The second step comprises the exclusion of unsuitable areas from the final map to simplify identification of the candidate sites for landfill in the study area. The weightings of criteria were identified using AHP, and the weightings of the sub-criteria of each criterion were determined based on multiple factors. In order to accommodate solid waste from 2020 until 2030, two suitable candidate landfill sites were determined which fulfill the required area of 1.013 km2 with areas of 1.374 km2 and 1.288 km2 respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: AHP method; GIS software; landfill site; solid waste AHP method; GIS software; landfill site; solid waste
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chabuk, A.; Al-Ansari, N.; Hussain, H.M.; Knutsson, S.; Pusch, R.; Laue, J. Combining GIS Applications and Method of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (AHP) for Landfill Siting in Al-Hashimiyah Qadhaa, Babylon, Iraq. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1932.

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