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Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1910; doi:10.3390/su9101910

NFC-Based Traceability in the Food Chain

Department of Ingegneria dell’Informazione, Università Politecnica delle Marche, 60131 Ancona, Italy
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Received: 13 September 2017 / Revised: 30 September 2017 / Accepted: 19 October 2017 / Published: 23 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
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Abstract

In recent years, many events related to food and public health, such as bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, commonly known as mad cow disease), dioxin, bird flu and swine flu, brought the issue of food security to the center of international attention. Many countries established strict rules to ensure the food traceability “from farm to fork” to meet the demand of consumer safety and to ensure public health. Consequently, the concepts of controlled supply chain, brand of quality and traceability of food products have had a strong evolution. Companies in the food production sector must evolve and change their organizational and management chain to satisfy increasingly stringent government rules and to respond to the requirements of the market. From this point of view, NFC (Near Field Communication) has all the requirements to become the main technology for traceability in the various food sectors. This paper proposes a solution to gather information throughout the entire food supply chain and bring it directly to the consumer. The architecture consists of a complex identification system based on NFC tags, which cumulates data during all phases of the production process. The aim of this work is to keep track of the information generated during food processing, not only for traceability purposes, but also for enhancing and optimizing production. The data generated by the traceability system are collected in a cloud database through apps on Android smartphones. The information is accessible by the consumers through a public Android application. The pork supply chain has been used as an application example of the proposed methodology. View Full-Text
Keywords: NFC; near field communication; RFID; QRcode; pig; meat; food traceability; android; apps NFC; near field communication; RFID; QRcode; pig; meat; food traceability; android; apps
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Pigini, D.; Conti, M. NFC-Based Traceability in the Food Chain. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1910.

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