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Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1878; doi:10.3390/su9101878

Unpacking the Pacific Urban Agenda: Resilience Challenges and Opportunities

1
School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington 6140, New Zealand
2
School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne 3001, Australia
3
School of Science, RMIT University, Melbourne 3001, Australia
4
School of Architecture, Design and Planning, University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, Australia
5
Independent consultant, Kabul 999087, Afghan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 September 2017 / Revised: 11 October 2017 / Accepted: 14 October 2017 / Published: 23 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Resilient Urban Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [750 KB, uploaded 25 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

Pacific Island Countries (PICs) are often cited as being the most vulnerable to the future impacts of a changing climate. Furthermore, being located in the ‘Pacific Rim of Fire’, PICs have long been exposed to the impacts of a range of natural and climate-related extreme events—such as earthquakes and cyclones—and are considered to be amongst the most vulnerable countries to natural disasters. The physical vulnerability of Pacific towns and cities is further exaggerated by development deficits, geographical isolation, weak governance, and complex issues of land tenure. This paper, based on substantive project experience in the Pacific region by each of the authors, reviews the resilience challenges facing Melanesian cities in the context of rapid urbanization and global environmental change. It then sets this in the context of the global ‘New Urban Agenda’ which was launched at Habitat III in Quito at the end of 2016, setting out the critical implementation challenges and opportunities for enhancing urban resilience in the Pacific. View Full-Text
Keywords: urbanization; climate impacts; governance; urban resilience; Pacific urbanization; climate impacts; governance; urban resilience; Pacific
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Kiddle, G.L.; McEvoy, D.; Mitchell, D.; Jones, P.; Mecartney, S. Unpacking the Pacific Urban Agenda: Resilience Challenges and Opportunities. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1878.

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