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Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1840; doi:10.3390/su9101840

A Review of the Role of Vegetal Ecosystems in CO2 Capture

1
Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Catania, Viale Santa Sofia 100, 95123 Catania, Italy
2
Faculty of Business, Law and Sport/Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Winchester, Sparkford Road, Winchester SO22 4NR, UK
3
Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Science, University of Torino, Largo Braccini, 2 Grugliasco, 10095 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 August 2017 / Revised: 19 September 2017 / Accepted: 7 October 2017 / Published: 13 October 2017
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Abstract

The reduction of carbon emissions is a worldwide global challenge and represents the objective of many scientists that are trying to modify the role of carbon, turning a problem into an opportunity. The potential of CO2 capture and storage by vegetal species is significant because of their capacity to absorb exceeding carbon emission. The purpose of the present paper is to draw a picture of the role of vegetal ecosystems on carbon fixation by identifying the most significant scientific contributions related to the absorption by vegetal species. In particular the aim of this paper is to examine different forms of CO2 sequestration made by plants and crops involved in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emission. Results highlight the important role played by agricultural soils, forests, perennial plants, and algae, looking at the overall reduction of carbon emissions. In addition, results show that some bioenergy crops allow substantial storage of carbon dioxide, providing a significant contribution to climate change mitigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 capture; CO2 storage; agricultural sustainability; carbon fixation; forest plants; bioenergy crops; perennial plants; annual plants CO2 capture; CO2 storage; agricultural sustainability; carbon fixation; forest plants; bioenergy crops; perennial plants; annual plants
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Di Vita, G.; Pilato, M.; Pecorino, B.; Brun, F.; D’Amico, M. A Review of the Role of Vegetal Ecosystems in CO2 Capture. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1840.

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