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Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1787; doi:10.3390/su9101787

Developing Policy Scenarios for Sustainable Urban Growth Management: A Delphi Approach

School of Civil Engineering and Built Environment, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), 2 George Street, Brisbane, Queensland 4001, Australia
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Received: 21 August 2017 / Revised: 28 September 2017 / Accepted: 29 September 2017 / Published: 2 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
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Abstract

In many parts of the world, a rapid urbanization process is taking place at an unprecedented scale, and its drastic impacts on societies and the environment are evident. To combat the externalities of such rapid, and to a degree uncontrolled, development, many cities around the globe introduced various urban growth management policies. However, policy making—to provide sustainable outcomes, while generating growth opportunities—has been a daunting task for urban administrators. To ease the task, scenario-based planning methods are introduced to produce alternative visions for managing urban growth in sustainable ways by incorporating various socio-environmental issues. However, even though modelling urban growth and associated impacts based on these scenarios have emerged to strengthen and quantify the future of urban policies and related planning actions, this process has a number of glitches. Major issues include the uncertainties associated with the selection of suitable methods to generate scenarios, identify indicators to be used to assess scenarios, evaluate scenarios to prioritize for policy formulation, and assess the impacts of policy scenarios. This paper aims to address the challenge of developing suitable policy scenarios for sustainable urban growth. As for the methodological approach, the study undertakes a thorough review of the literature and current practices, and conducts a two-round Delphi survey—involving experts from public, private and academic sectors specialized in the fields of urban planning, environmental planning, social planning, transportation modelling, and economic development. The expert driven policy scenarios are validated in a local context by comparing findings against the policy options as proposed in the South East Queensland Regional Plan 2017 (Australia). The findings offer valuable guidelines for planners, modellers, and policy makers in adopting suitable methods, indicators, and policy priorities, and thus, easing the daunting task of generating sustainable policy solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable urban development; urban growth management; policy scenarios; scenario-based planning; sustainability indicators; Delphi method; regional plan; South East Queensland; Australia sustainable urban development; urban growth management; policy scenarios; scenario-based planning; sustainability indicators; Delphi method; regional plan; South East Queensland; Australia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Perveen, S.; Kamruzzaman, M.; Yigitcanlar, T. Developing Policy Scenarios for Sustainable Urban Growth Management: A Delphi Approach. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1787.

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