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Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1716; doi:10.3390/su9101716

Targeting International Food Aid Programmes: The Case of Productive Safety Net Programme in Tigray, Ethiopia

Department of Geography, Ghent University, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
Economics and Rural Development, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, University of Liège, 4000 Liège, Belgium
College of Business and Economics, Mekelle University, P.O. Box 231, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Department of Conflict and Development Studies, Ghent University, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
The Horn Economic and Social Policy Institute (HESPI), P.O. Box 2692 code 1250, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 August 2017 / Revised: 15 September 2017 / Accepted: 20 September 2017 / Published: 25 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1100 KB, uploaded 25 September 2017]   |  


Ethiopia has experienced more than five major droughts in the past three decades, leading to high dependency on international food aids. Nevertheless, studies indicate that asset depletion has not been prevented; neither did food insecurity diminish. Since 2004/5, the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) has been implemented to improve food security in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Critics point out that the implementation of food aid programmes can have negative impacts as well as positive outcomes for local communities. Accordingly, this survey study aimed to analyse the distribution and allocation of food aids in the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) in Tigray. Results of 479 interviews revealed that targeting different households in the PSNP has been considerably linked to socio-demographic attributes among which age and size of family were decisive factors to receive food aids. Furthermore, older households with smaller family size received more direct support. Inequality between genders was another major finding of this study. When combined with the marital status, there was also a big difference in the percentage of married or unmarried women receiving food aids. These findings could provide fundamental information for policy intervention to correct food security programmes at household level and reduce hunger. Given that, socio-demographic factors can help to identify particular and usually different requirements, vulnerabilities and coping strategies of the members of the food aid programme, so that they can be much more addressed when an emergency happens. View Full-Text
Keywords: food needs; food security and aid; international food programs; vulnerability; famine; drought food needs; food security and aid; international food programs; vulnerability; famine; drought

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Azadi, H.; De Rudder, F.; Vlassenroot, K.; Nega, F.; Nyssen, J. Targeting International Food Aid Programmes: The Case of Productive Safety Net Programme in Tigray, Ethiopia. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1716.

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