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Sustainability 2017, 9(1), 51; doi:10.3390/su9010051

Economic Assessment of Overtopping BReakwater for Energy Conversion (OBREC): A Case Study in Western Australia

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Design, Building and Environment, Second University of Napoli, via Roma, 29, 81031 Aversa (Caserta), Italy
2
Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Napoli Federico II, via Claudio, 21, 80125 Napoli, Italy
3
Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Napoli, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gregorio Iglesias Rodriguez
Received: 17 November 2016 / Revised: 13 December 2016 / Accepted: 21 December 2016 / Published: 30 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wave Energy Converters)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6055 KB, uploaded 30 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

This paper constructs an optimal configuration assessment, in terms of the financial returns, of the Overtopping BReakwater for wave Energy Conversion (OBREC). This technology represents a hybrid wave energy harvester, totally embedded in traditional rubble mound breakwaters. Nine case studies along the southern coast of Western Australia have been analysed. The technique provides tips on how to estimate the quality of the investments, for benchmarking with different turbine strategy layouts and overlapping with the costs of traditional rubble mound breakwaters. Analyses of the offshore and nearshore wave climate have been studied by a high resolution coastal propagation model, forced with wave data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). Inshore wave conditions have been used to quantify the exploitable resources. It has been demonstrated that the optimal investment strategy is nonlinearly dependent on potential electricity production due to outer technical constraints. The work emphasizes the importance of integrating energy production predictions in an economic decision framework for prioritizing adaptation investments. View Full-Text
Keywords: wave energy resource; Western Australia; economic optimization; green ports wave energy resource; Western Australia; economic optimization; green ports
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MDPI and ACS Style

Contestabile, P.; Di Lauro, E.; Buccino, M.; Vicinanza, D. Economic Assessment of Overtopping BReakwater for Energy Conversion (OBREC): A Case Study in Western Australia. Sustainability 2017, 9, 51.

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