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Sustainability 2017, 9(1), 124; doi:10.3390/su9010124

Does Suburbanization Cause Ecological Deterioration? An Empirical Analysis of Shanghai, China

1
School of Mining and Geomatics, Hebei University of Engineering, Handan 056021, Hebei, China
2
Collaborative Innovation Center of Comprehensive Development and Utilization of Coal Resource, Handan 056021, Hebei, China
3
College of Surveying and Geo-Informatics, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yichun Xie, Xinyue Ye and Clio Andris
Received: 2 November 2016 / Revised: 11 January 2017 / Accepted: 11 January 2017 / Published: 16 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Ecosystems and Society in the Context of Big and New Data)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2963 KB, uploaded 16 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

Suburbanization in the US largely occurred to solve various urban problems; however, it has also caused many issues, such as the decline of central urban areas, the waste of land resources, and the deterioration of ecological environments in the suburbs. Therefore, the study of suburbanization has received considerable attention in academia. Scholars have argued that suburbanization leads to ecological deterioration. To examine this viewpoint, the authors analyzed spatial-temporal changes in the ambient environment, the soil environment, the water environment, and other ecological environments, as well as carbon emissions of the central urban areas and the suburbs, in the suburbanization process exemplified by Shanghai. The results showed that suburbanization indeed caused many changes in ecological and environmental quality, but that the overall environmental quality in the suburbs of Shanghai remained better than that in the central urban area. It is important not to exaggerate the negative impact of suburbanization in metropolitan areas on the quality of the surrounding ecological environments. However, great attention must be given to controlling the diffusion of pollutants resulting from industrial and population suburbanization. It is also crucial to continue strengthening ecological environmental remediation, improvement, and recovery in the central urban area, and to comprehensively promote the coordinated development of agricultural modernization, industrial aggregation, low-carbon urbanization, and ecological sustainability, in both urban and rural areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: suburbanization; ecological environment; empirical analysis suburbanization; ecological environment; empirical analysis
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Wang, H.; Shi, Y.; Zhang, A.; Cao, Y.; Liu, H. Does Suburbanization Cause Ecological Deterioration? An Empirical Analysis of Shanghai, China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 124.

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