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Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 918; doi:10.3390/su8090918

Economic and Social Sustainability through Organic Agriculture: Study of the Restructuring of the Citrus Sector in the “Bajo Andarax” District (Spain)

1
Research Centre CIAIMBITAL, University of Almería, Ctra. De Sacramento s/n, E04120 Almería, Spain
2
Cítricos del Andarax SAT, Paraje Llano Ron s/n, E04560 Gádor, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sean Clark
Received: 30 June 2016 / Revised: 21 August 2016 / Accepted: 6 September 2016 / Published: 12 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agriculture–Beyond Organic Farming)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2823 KB, uploaded 12 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Over 1000 hectares of citrus fruits crops are grown in the Bajo Andarax district in Almeria (Spain). The withdrawal of EU subsidies for conventional production led to a drastic loss of economic profitability of the holdings and, consequently, the abandonment of most of the conventionally managed farms of the district. In this context, a restructuring of the citrus sector from conventional to organic farming was implemented as a strategic measure to achieve the long-term sustainable development of the holdings. This study examines the citrus sector of the district and performs a comprehensive evaluation of the economic sustainability of this shift from conventional to organic production. In addition, the impact of the restructuring of the sector on the social sustainability both at the farm level and at the municipality level is studied. The results of the study are of interest to other agricultural areas of compromised profitability in which a shift towards organic production can represent a viable alternative for the economic and social sustainability of the holdings. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic sustainability; social sustainability; citrus farming; organic agriculture; sustainable development economic sustainability; social sustainability; citrus farming; organic agriculture; sustainable development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Torres, J.; Valera, D.L.; Belmonte, L.J.; Herrero-Sánchez, C. Economic and Social Sustainability through Organic Agriculture: Study of the Restructuring of the Citrus Sector in the “Bajo Andarax” District (Spain). Sustainability 2016, 8, 918.

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