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Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 763; doi:10.3390/su8090763

Sustainable Stormwater Management: Examining the Role of Local Planning Capacity in Mitigating Peak Surface Runoff

Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning, Texas A&M University, 3137 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-3137, USA
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Academic Editor: Davide Geneletti
Received: 24 April 2016 / Revised: 21 July 2016 / Accepted: 25 July 2016 / Published: 31 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nature-Based Solutions for Urban Challenges)
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Abstract

The Chesapeake Bay, the largest estuary in the United States, is rich in natural resources. Its watershed has been impacted by excessive and degraded stormwater runoff from rapid urbanization. We used an empirical approach to investigate how local planning capacity in the Chesapeake Bay watershed affected stream flow. A multiple regression analysis was employed to examine to what extent that the planning factors and other contextual variables were associated with peak runoff. Counterintuitively, we found that sub-basins included in the sample jurisdictions with a relatively high plan quality score tend to generate higher volumes of peak runoff. Results further indicate that specific geographical, basin characteristic, and biophysical factors affected mean annual peak runoff significantly. Overall, our findings highlight the importance of local planning capacity and sustainable stormwater management concepts in mitigating excessive runoff. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; plan quality; planning capacity; runoff; stormwater; flooding; Chesapeake Bay sustainability; plan quality; planning capacity; runoff; stormwater; flooding; Chesapeake Bay
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kim, H.W.; Li, M.-H. Sustainable Stormwater Management: Examining the Role of Local Planning Capacity in Mitigating Peak Surface Runoff. Sustainability 2016, 8, 763.

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