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Sustainability 2016, 8(8), 729; doi:10.3390/su8080729

Network Analysis of Open Innovation

1
Daegu GyeungBuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST), 50-1 Sang-Ri, Hyeonpung-Myeon, Dalseong-gun, Daegu 711-873, Korea
2
Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information (KISTI), Hoegi-ro, 66 Dongdemun-gu, Seoul 130-741, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Ioppolo
Received: 25 May 2016 / Revised: 4 July 2016 / Accepted: 13 July 2016 / Published: 30 July 2016
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Abstract

The way people innovate and create new ideas and bring them to the market is undergoing a fundamental change from closed innovation to open innovation. Why and how do firms perform open innovation? Firms’ open innovation is measured through the levels of firms’ joint patent applications. Next, we analyze network structures and characters of firms’ joint patent applications such as betweenness and degree centrality, structure hole, and closure. From this research, we drew conclusions as follows. First, the structure of collaboration networks has both direct and indirect effects on firms’ innovative performance. Second, in the process of joint patent applications, there is a long tail phenomenon in networks of joint patent applications. Third, the number of patents and International Patent Classification (IPC) subclasses together constitute a meaningful measure of the innovation performance of firms. View Full-Text
Keywords: joint patent application; the structure of collaboration; open innovation; long tail joint patent application; the structure of collaboration; open innovation; long tail
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Yun, J.J.; Jeong, E.; Park, J. Network Analysis of Open Innovation. Sustainability 2016, 8, 729.

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