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Sustainability 2016, 8(7), 628; doi:10.3390/su8070628

Urban Heat Island Simulations in Guangzhou, China, Using the Coupled WRF/UCM Model with a Land Use Map Extracted from Remote Sensing Data

Building Environment and Energy Laboratory (BEEL), State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Building Science, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China
Department of Architecture and Building Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Constantinos Cartalis and Matheos Santamouris
Received: 5 May 2016 / Revised: 28 June 2016 / Accepted: 30 June 2016 / Published: 5 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Heat Island)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5329 KB, uploaded 5 July 2016]   |  


The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model coupled with an Urban Canopy Model (UCM) was used for studying urban environmental issues. Because land use data employed in the WRF model do not agree with the current situation around Guangzhou, China, the performance of WRF/UCM with new land-use data extracted from Remote Sensing (RS) data was evaluated in early August 2012. Results from simulations reveal that experiments with the extracted data are capable of reasonable reproductions of the majority of the observed temporal characteristics of the 2-m temperature, and can capture the characteristics of Urban Heat Island (UHI). The “UCM_12” simulation, which employed the extracted land-use data with the WRF/UCM model, provided the best reproduction of the 2-m temperature data evolution and the smallest minimum absolute average error when compared with the other two experiments without coupled UCM. The contributions of various factors to the UHI effect were analyzed by comparing the energy equilibrium processes of “UCM_12” in urban and suburban areas. Analysis revealed that energy equilibrium processes with new land use data can explain the diurnal character of the UHI intensity variation. Furthermore, land use data extracted from RS can be used to simulate the UHI. View Full-Text
Keywords: WRF/UCM model; remote sensing; numerical simulation; urban heat island WRF/UCM model; remote sensing; numerical simulation; urban heat island

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chen, G.; Zhao, L.; Mochida, A. Urban Heat Island Simulations in Guangzhou, China, Using the Coupled WRF/UCM Model with a Land Use Map Extracted from Remote Sensing Data. Sustainability 2016, 8, 628.

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