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Sustainability 2016, 8(7), 586; doi:10.3390/su8070586

Sustainable Assessment of Aerosol Pollution Decrease Applying Multiple Attribute Decision-Making Methods

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Basanavičiaus str. 28, Vilnius LT-03324, Lithuania
2
Research Institute of Smart Building Technologies, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Saulėtekio al. 11, Vilnius LT-10223, Lithuania
3
Department of Economics, Management, Society and Institutions (EGSI), University of Molise, Via De Sanctis, Campobasso 86100, Italy
4
Department of Mathematical Statistics, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Saulėtekio al. 11, Vilnius LT-10223, Lithuania
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 18 March 2016 / Revised: 15 June 2016 / Accepted: 17 June 2016 / Published: 23 June 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1199 KB, uploaded 23 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

Air pollution with various materials, particularly with aerosols, increases with the advances in technological development. This is a complicated global problem. One of the priorities in achieving sustainable development is the reduction of harmful technological effects on the environment and human health. It is a responsibility of researchers to search for effective methods of reducing pollution. The reliable results can be obtained by combining the approaches used in various fields of science and technology. This paper aims to demonstrate the effectiveness of the multiple attribute decision-making (MADM) methods in investigating and solving the environmental pollution problems. The paper presents the study of the process of the evaporation of a toxic liquid based on using the MADM methods. A schematic view of the test setup is presented. The density, viscosity, and rate of the released vapor flow are measured and the dependence of the variation of the solution concentration on its temperature is determined in the experimental study. The concentration of hydrochloric acid solution (HAS) varies in the range from 28% to 34%, while the liquid is heated from 50 to 80 °C. The variations in the parameters are analyzed using the well-known VIKOR and COPRAS MADM methods. For determining the criteria weights, a new CILOS (Criterion Impact LOSs) method is used. The experimental results are arranged in the priority order, using the MADM methods. Based on the obtained data, the technological parameters of production, ensuring minimum environmental pollution, can be chosen. View Full-Text
Keywords: pollution decrease; MADM; CILOS method; VIKOR method; COPRAS method pollution decrease; MADM; CILOS method; VIKOR method; COPRAS method
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Čereška, A.; Zavadskas, E.K.; Cavallaro, F.; Podvezko, V.; Tetsman, I.; Grinbergienė, I. Sustainable Assessment of Aerosol Pollution Decrease Applying Multiple Attribute Decision-Making Methods. Sustainability 2016, 8, 586.

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