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Sustainability 2016, 8(6), 531; doi:10.3390/su8060531

The Energy Savings and Environmental Benefits for Small and Medium Enterprises by Cloud Energy Management System

1
Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
2
Department of Energy and Refrigerating Air-Conditioning Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, No. 1, Sec. 3, Chung-Hsiao E. Rd., Taipei 10608, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Kusiak
Received: 24 March 2016 / Revised: 17 May 2016 / Accepted: 31 May 2016 / Published: 3 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6304 KB, uploaded 3 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

Small and medium enterprises (SMES) play an important role in Taiwan’s economy. The reduction of energy costs and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are critical to preserving the environment. This paper uses the experimental results from 65 sites, gathered over two years since 2012, to determine how the integration of Internet communication, cloud computing technologies and a cloud energy management service (cloud EMS) can reduce energy consumption by cost-effective means. The EMS has three levels: infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS) and software as a service (SaaS). Working jointly with ChungHwa Telecom, Taiwan’s leading telecom service provider, data from detection devices, control devices, air-conditioning and lighting systems are all uploaded to a cloud EMS platform, to give a so called intelligent energy management network application service platform (IEN-ASP). Various energy saving management functions are developed using this platform: (1) air conditioning optimization; (2) lighting system optimization; (3) scheduling control; (4) power billing control and (5) occupancy detection and timing control. Using the international performance measurement and verification protocol (IPMVP), the energy used at the test sites, before and after the use of the IEN-ASP, are compared to calculate the energy saved. The experimental results show that there is an average energy saving of 5724 kWh per year, which represents a saving ratio of 5.84%. This translates to a total reduction in CO2 emissions of 9,926,829 kg per year. Using the data collected, a regression model is used to demonstrate the correlation between the power that is consumed, the energy that is saved and the area of the sites. Another interesting result is that, if the experimental sites are maintained by experienced electricians or other personnel and EMS protocols are followed, the energy saving can be as great as 6.59%. View Full-Text
Keywords: effect of energy savings; cloud energy management service (cloud EMS); IaaS; PaaS; SaaS; IPMVP effect of energy savings; cloud energy management service (cloud EMS); IaaS; PaaS; SaaS; IPMVP
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tseng, Y.-C.; Lee, D.; Lin, C.-F.; Chang, C.-Y. The Energy Savings and Environmental Benefits for Small and Medium Enterprises by Cloud Energy Management System. Sustainability 2016, 8, 531.

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