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Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 406; doi:10.3390/su8040406

Research on the Relationship between Urban Development Intensity and Eco-Environmental Stresses in Bohai Rim Coastal Area, China

1
School of Geology and Geomatics, Tianjin Chengjian University, No. 26 Jinjing RD, Xiqing District, Tianjin 300384, China
2
State Key Lab of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
Department of Earth Sciences, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 4 March 2016 / Revised: 17 April 2016 / Accepted: 18 April 2016 / Published: 23 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2716 KB, uploaded 23 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

To realize sustainable urban development that minimizes environmental impacts, the relationship between urban development intensity and eco-environmental stresses should be clearly revealed. This paper focused on the Bohai Rim coastal area, where cities have experienced significant development in the last decade. An index system was developed to quantify the comprehensive urban development intensity (CDI) and comprehensive eco-environment stresses (CES). Remote sensing imagery and statistical data were used to provide indices for CDI and CES. Spatiotemporal analysis was carried out on the correlation between the two indices. The coupling between the CDI and CES was then investigated to explore the urban development characteristics of each city in the study area, its development level, and the trend of urban development. Results showed that human activities surrounding urban development were partly dependent on the use of ecological resources to a certain degree, and that the degree of dependence increased with year. To promote a sustainable level of urban development, the government should focus on not only the high development intensity, but also the high quality of the eco-environment. Dalian was a good model of how to achieve a balance between the two. View Full-Text
Keywords: comprehensive development intensity; comprehensive eco-environment stress; coupling degree; urban development level; urban development type comprehensive development intensity; comprehensive eco-environment stress; coupling degree; urban development level; urban development type
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, D.; Chen, W.; Wei, W.; W. Bird, B.; Zhang, L.; Sang, M.; Wang, Q. Research on the Relationship between Urban Development Intensity and Eco-Environmental Stresses in Bohai Rim Coastal Area, China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 406.

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