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Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 386; doi:10.3390/su8040386

Plant Growth and Water Purification of Porous Vegetation Concrete Formed of Blast Furnace Slag, Natural Jute Fiber and Styrene Butadiene Latex

1
Research Institute of Technology, Nature and Environment Co. Ltd., 116-28 Boheung-1Gil, Kongju 32533, Korea
2
Department of Rural Construction Engineering, Koungju National University, 54 Daehak Street, Yesan 32439, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 29 February 2016 / Revised: 5 April 2016 / Accepted: 15 April 2016 / Published: 20 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate porous vegetation concrete formed using the industrial by-products blast furnace slag powder and blast furnace slag aggregates. We investigated the void ratio, compressive strength, freeze–thaw resistance, plant growth and water purification properties using concretes containing these by-products, natural jute fiber and latex. The target performance was a compressive strength of ≥12 MPa, a void ratio of ≥25% and a residual compressive strength of ≥80% following 100 freeze–thaw cycles. Using these target performance metrics and test results for plant growth and water purification, an optimal mixing ratio was identified. The study characterized the physical and mechanical properties of the optimal mix, and found that the compressive strength decreased compared with the default mix, but that the void ratio and the freeze–thaw resistance increased. When latex was used, the compressive strength, void ratio and freeze–thaw resistance all improved, satisfying the target performance metrics. Vegetation growth tests showed that plant growth was more active when the blast furnace slag aggregate was used. Furthermore, the use of latex was also found to promote vegetation growth, which is attributed to the latex forming a film coating that suppresses leaching of toxic components from the cement. Water purification tests showed no so significant differences between different mixing ratios; however, a comparison of mixes with and without vegetation indicated improved water purification in terms of the total phosphorus content when vegetation had been allowed to grow. View Full-Text
Keywords: by-product materials; blast furnace slag aggregates; latex; void ratio; plant growth; porous vegetation concrete; water purification by-product materials; blast furnace slag aggregates; latex; void ratio; plant growth; porous vegetation concrete; water purification
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, H.-H.; Park, C.-G. Plant Growth and Water Purification of Porous Vegetation Concrete Formed of Blast Furnace Slag, Natural Jute Fiber and Styrene Butadiene Latex. Sustainability 2016, 8, 386.

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