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Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 370; doi:10.3390/su8040370

Temporal Variations of Citizens’ Demands on Flood Damage Mitigation, Streamflow Quantity and Quality in the Korean Urban Watershed

1
Nohad A.Toulan School of Urban Studies and Planning, Portland State University, 506 SW Mill Street, Suite 350, Portland, OR 97201, USA
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Seoul National University of Science and Technology, 232 Gongneung-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 01811, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nicos Komninos
Received: 16 February 2016 / Revised: 13 March 2016 / Accepted: 16 March 2016 / Published: 13 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Environments and Planning for Urban Renewal)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2009 KB, uploaded 13 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

Sustainable watershed management (SWM) can be achieved through recognition and reflection upon the values of citizens. Collaborative governance consisting of citizens is crucial for successful SWM. Collaborative governance definitely requires an active participatory decision-making process that reflects citizens’ preferences. Citizen preference also tends to substantially change with life pattern and life quality. These shifts can be caused by slight variations in both social priorities and personal preferences for SWM. Therefore, collaborative water governance must be frequently renewed in response to citizens’ values through the participatory framework. The An’yang Stream in South Korea is generally regarded as a representative urban stream restoration case that has been successfully led by collaborative governance. By conducting individual surveys with citizens on-site, this study addresses how citizens’ preferences of the stream’s management have changed between 2005 and 2015. In addition, this study used three quantitative hydrologic vulnerability indices: potential flood damage (PFD), potential streamflow depletion (PSD), and potential water quality deterioration (PWQD). They can spatially quantify citizen preference using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), which can systematically derive citizens’ subjective relative-weighted preferences. In the end, this study identified critical differences in priorities in regard to vulnerable areas between in 2005 and in 2015. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable watershed planning; collaborative governance; analytic hierarchy process (AHP); hydrological vulnerability; potential flood damage (PFD); potential streamflow (PSD); potential water quality deterioration (PWQD) sustainable watershed planning; collaborative governance; analytic hierarchy process (AHP); hydrological vulnerability; potential flood damage (PFD); potential streamflow (PSD); potential water quality deterioration (PWQD)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hong, C.-Y.; Chung, E.-S. Temporal Variations of Citizens’ Demands on Flood Damage Mitigation, Streamflow Quantity and Quality in the Korean Urban Watershed. Sustainability 2016, 8, 370.

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