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Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 358; doi:10.3390/su8040358

Analysis of Thermal Environment over a Small-Scale Landscape in a Densely Built-Up Asian Megacity

1
Department of Advanced Technology Fusion (DATF), Konkuk University, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05029, Korea
2
Housing & Land Research Division, Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements, 254 Simin-daero, Dongan-gu, Anyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 14067, Korea
3
Department of Landscape Architecture, Keimyung University, 1095 Dalgubeol-daero, Daegu 42601, Korea
4
Division of Interdisciplinary Studies/DATF, Konkuk University, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05029, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 19 January 2016 / Revised: 3 April 2016 / Accepted: 6 April 2016 / Published: 13 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4531 KB, uploaded 13 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

Many studies have found that larger parks might be needed to counteract the Urban Heat Island effects typical in densely populated Asian megacities. However, it is not easy to establish large parks to serve as urban cool islands in Asian megacities, where little space exists for large urban neighborhood parks. Officials in these cities would rather use small areas by replacing heat-absorbing artificial land cover with natural cover. The main objective of this study was to understand the cooling effect of changes in land cover on surface and air temperatures in urban micro-scale environments for supporting sustainable green-space planning and policy in densely built-up areas. This was achieved using measurements at different heights (ground surface, 0.1 m, and 1.5 m) for five land cover types (LCTs) and modeling with the micro-scale climate model ENVI-met. At all vertical measuring points, the average temperature over the entire measurement period had the same hot-to-cold order: asphalt > soil > grass > water > forest. However, the value dramatically decreased as the measuring points became higher. The intensity of hot and cool spots showed the highest value at surface by 18.2 °C, and declined with the height, showing 4.1 °C at 0.1 m and 3.1 °C at 1.5 m. The modeling results indicated that the well-known diurnal variation in surface insolation also occurred in our small domain, among the various LCTs. Based on these findings, providing small-scale green infrastructure in densely built-up areas could be an effective way to improve urban micro-scale thermal conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: micro-scale thermal environment; cool spot; ENVI-met; green-space planning; climate change micro-scale thermal environment; cool spot; ENVI-met; green-space planning; climate change
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kim, Y.; An, S.M.; Eum, J.-H.; Woo, J.-H. Analysis of Thermal Environment over a Small-Scale Landscape in a Densely Built-Up Asian Megacity. Sustainability 2016, 8, 358.

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