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Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 336; doi:10.3390/su8040336

Measuring the Total-Factor Carbon Emission Performance of Industrial Land Use in China Based on the Global Directional Distance Function and Non-Radial Luenberger Productivity Index

1
Co-innovation center for institutional construction for Jiangxi eco-civilization, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China
2
School of Economics and Business Administration, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bing Wang
Received: 7 January 2016 / Revised: 20 March 2016 / Accepted: 20 March 2016 / Published: 6 April 2016
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Abstract

Industry is a major contributor to carbon emissions in China, and industrial land is an important input to industrial production. Therefore, a detailed analysis of the carbon emission performance of industrial land use is necessary for making reasonable carbon reduction policies that promote the sustainable use of industrial land. This paper aims to analyze the dynamic changes in the total-factor carbon emission performance of industrial land use (TCPIL) in China by applying a global directional distance function (DDF) and non-radial Luenberger productivity index. The empirical results show that the eastern region enjoys better TCPIL than the central and western regions, but the regional gaps in TCPIL are narrowing. The growth in NLCPILs (non-radial Luenberger carbon emission performance of industrial land use) in the eastern and central regions is mainly driven by technological progress, whereas efficiency improvements contribute more to the growth of NLCPIL in the western region. The provinces in the eastern region have the most innovative and environmentally-friendly production technologies. The results of the analysis of the influencing factors show implications for improving the NLCPIL, including more investment in industrial research and development (R&D), the implementation of carbon emission reduction policies, reduction in the use of fossil energy, especially coal, in the process of industrial production, actively learning about foreign advanced technology, properly solving the problem of surplus labor in industry and the expansion of industrial development. View Full-Text
Keywords: industrial land; total-factor carbon emission performance of industrial land use (TCPIL); non-radial Luenberger productivity index; non-radial Luenberger carbon emission performance of industrial land use (NLCPIL); directional distance function (DDF); China industrial land; total-factor carbon emission performance of industrial land use (TCPIL); non-radial Luenberger productivity index; non-radial Luenberger carbon emission performance of industrial land use (NLCPIL); directional distance function (DDF); China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, W.; Xie, H.; Jiang, T.; Zhang, D.; Xie, X. Measuring the Total-Factor Carbon Emission Performance of Industrial Land Use in China Based on the Global Directional Distance Function and Non-Radial Luenberger Productivity Index. Sustainability 2016, 8, 336.

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