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Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 334; doi:10.3390/su8040334

GIS-Based Integration of Subjective and Objective Weighting Methods for Regional Landslides Susceptibility Mapping

1
Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410075, Hunan, China
2
Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
3
School of Resource and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410075, Hunan, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 22 February 2016 / Revised: 23 March 2016 / Accepted: 29 March 2016 / Published: 6 April 2016
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Abstract

The development of landslide susceptibility maps is of great importance due to rapid urbanization. The purpose of this study is to present a method to integrate the subjective weight with objective weight for regional landslide susceptibility mapping on the geographical information system (GIS) platform. The analytical hierarchy process (AHP), which is subjective, was employed to weight predictive factors’ contribution to landslide occurrence. The frequency ratio (FR) method, which is objective, was used to derive subclasses’ frequency ratio with respect to landslides that indicate the relative importance of a subclass within each predictive factor. A case study was carried out at Tsushima Island, Japan, using a historical inventory of 534 landslides and seven predictive factors: elevation, slope, aspect, terrain roughness index (TRI), lithology, land cover and mean annual precipitation (MAP). The landslide susceptibility index (LSI) was calculated using the weighted linear combination of factors’ weights and subclasses’ weights. The study area was classified into five susceptibility zones according to the LSI. In addition, the produced susceptibility map was compared with maps generated using the conventional FR and AHP method and validated using the relative landslide index (RLI). The validation result showed that the proposed method performed better than the conventional application of the FR method and AHP method. The obtained landslide susceptibility maps could serve as a scientific basis for urban planning and landslide hazard management. View Full-Text
Keywords: GIS; Landslides; Frequency Ratio (FR); Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) GIS; Landslides; Frequency Ratio (FR); Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, S.; Chen, G.; Fang, L.; Nie, Y. GIS-Based Integration of Subjective and Objective Weighting Methods for Regional Landslides Susceptibility Mapping. Sustainability 2016, 8, 334.

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