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Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 306; doi:10.3390/su8040306

Ranking EU Countries According to Their Level of Success in Achieving the Objectives of the Sustainable Development Strategy

Department of Statistics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade, Nemanjina 6, Belgrade 11000, Serbia
The authors contributed equally to this work.
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Academic Editors: Nicholas Ashford and Marc A. Rosen
Received: 30 December 2015 / Revised: 17 March 2016 / Accepted: 23 March 2016 / Published: 28 March 2016
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Abstract

Sustainable development as a concept, is extremely important both at national and international levels. To achieve the goals of sustainable development, international cooperation among countries is of vital importance because no one nation can accomplish these goals independently. In order to implement the sustainable development strategy, first discussed in 1992 at the UN Conference of Environment and Development, the indicators of sustainable development first had to be defined. Considering that the first set of indicators was defined by the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD), they were entitled CSD indicators. The smaller set of CSD indicators in the European Union countries (EU-28) is observed in this study. These indicators cover three aspects of sustainable development: economic, social and environmental. The goal of this study is to rank EU countries according to the level that they were able to achieve the objectives of their respective sustainable development strategies individually, according to the 2013 database. The appropriate statistical I-distance method was used for this purpose. In the first step, the significant indicators are distinguished and ranked according to the quantity and importance of the information they provide for specific research. Subsequently, this method then converts the indicators into a single measure that reflects the level at which each country has achieved the goal. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) indicators; I-distance method; ranking; European Union (EU-28) countries sustainable development; Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) indicators; I-distance method; ranking; European Union (EU-28) countries
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Janković Šoja, S.; Anokić, A.; Bucalo Jelić, D.; Maletić, R. Ranking EU Countries According to Their Level of Success in Achieving the Objectives of the Sustainable Development Strategy. Sustainability 2016, 8, 306.

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