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Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 295; doi:10.3390/su8040295

Network Patterns of Inventor Collaboration and Their Effects on Innovation Outputs

College of Business Administration, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Ioppolo
Received: 14 January 2016 / Revised: 16 March 2016 / Accepted: 21 March 2016 / Published: 24 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine how the collaboration structure among inventors in an R and D organization affects its capability to create impactful innovations. Specifically, this study is focused on examining whether a certain type of network mechanism found in collaboration among inventors contributes more to enhancing the future impacts of collaboration outputs, which is represented by the forward citations of their patents. To this end, co-invention networks for R and D organizations are constructed from an inventor-patent database, and the three structural patterns are measured by using network analytic constructs, namely, structural holes, strength of ties, and centralization. The results show that the presence of structural holes and strong ties are positively associated with the increasing forward citations, and that decentralized collaboration has also a positive impact. The findings offer support for both structural hole and network closure perspectives on social capital, which have been considered contradictive in the literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: co-invention networks; network analysis; patent citations; structural holes; strength of ties; centralization co-invention networks; network analysis; patent citations; structural holes; strength of ties; centralization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Hur, W.; Park, J. Network Patterns of Inventor Collaboration and Their Effects on Innovation Outputs. Sustainability 2016, 8, 295.

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