Environment, Development, and Ecologically Unequal Exchange
AbstractI begin this paper with summaries of environment and development perspectives foundational to contemporary environmental sociology: ecological modernization theory and treadmill of production theory. Descriptions of the perspectives are provided as well as an overview of recent quantitative cross-national analyses that evaluate the propositions of both theories. Next, I provide a summary of ecologically unequal exchange theory. I argue that ecologically unequal exchange theory helps to address key limitations of both the treadmill of production and ecological modernization approaches, most notably their lack of attention paid to how structural and unequal relationships between nations influence environment and development associations. Next, I summarize bodies of empirical work within sociology that employ quantitative measurements and statistical modelling techniques to test the propositions of ecologically unequal exchange theory. I conclude by emphasizing the need for greater integration between ecologically unequal exchange theory, the two environment and development perspectives, and other political economy traditions. I also briefly discuss fruitful avenues for future research. View Full-Text
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Jorgenson, A.K. Environment, Development, and Ecologically Unequal Exchange. Sustainability 2016, 8, 227.
Jorgenson AK. Environment, Development, and Ecologically Unequal Exchange. Sustainability. 2016; 8(3):227.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jorgenson, Andrew K. 2016. "Environment, Development, and Ecologically Unequal Exchange." Sustainability 8, no. 3: 227.