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Sustainability 2016, 8(2), 173; doi:10.3390/su8020173

Automobile Industry Strategic Alliance Partner Selection: The Application of a Hybrid DEA and Grey Theory Model

Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, No. 415 Chien Kung Road, Sanmin District, Kaohsiung City 80778, Taiwan
Department of Information Management, Chihlee University of Technology, New Taipei City 22050, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Adam Jabłoński
Received: 21 December 2015 / Revised: 4 February 2016 / Accepted: 6 February 2016 / Published: 17 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Business Models)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [903 KB, uploaded 17 February 2016]   |  


Finding the right strategic alliance partner is a critical success factor for many enterprises. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to propose an effective approach based on grey theory and data envelopment analysis (DEA) for selecting better partners for alliance. This study used grey forecasting to predict future business performances and used DEA for the partner selection of alliances. This research was implemented with realistic public data in four consecutive financial years (2009–2012) of the world’s 20 biggest automobile enterprises. Nissan Motor Co., Ltd was set to be the target decision making unit (DMU). The empirical results showed that, among 19 candidate DMUs, Renault (DMU10) and Daimler (DMU11) were the two feasible beneficial alliance partners for Nissan. Although this research is specifically applied to the automobile industry, the proposed method could also be applied to other manufacturing industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: strategic alliance; data envelopment analysis; grey prediction; automobile industry strategic alliance; data envelopment analysis; grey prediction; automobile industry

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, C.-N.; Nguyen, X.-T.; Wang, Y.-H. Automobile Industry Strategic Alliance Partner Selection: The Application of a Hybrid DEA and Grey Theory Model. Sustainability 2016, 8, 173.

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