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Sustainability 2016, 8(2), 165; doi:10.3390/su8020165

Liner Shipping Fleet Deployment with Sustainable Collaborative Transportation

1
Department of Business Management, School of Business Administration, Faculty of Economics and Management, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
2
Collaborative Innovation Center for Energy Economics and Energy Policy, China Institute for Studies in Energy Policy, School of Economics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
3
Department of Economics, College of Arts & Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
4
College of Transport and Communications, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai 201306, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 December 2015 / Revised: 2 February 2016 / Accepted: 3 February 2016 / Published: 8 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue How Better Decision-Making Helps to Improve Sustainability)
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Abstract

Facing sharp competition in the market for shipping companies, it is necessary to make reasonable and efficient decisions to optimize the container shipping line network so as to improve the shipping efficiency and reduce the transportation cost, as well as to realize the transportation sustainability. Therefore, the liner ship fleet deployment problem with collaborative transportation is proposed in this paper. This problem is formulated as a mixed-integer linear programming model that takes collaborative transportation into consideration. The model includes fixed cost, variable cost, berth cost, transport cost, penalty, compensation cost, and so on. To achieve the sustainable development of collaborative transportation, the shipping companies could make a selection between the internal routes and the external routes to serve each task by comparing the distance between the above routes. A real Asia-Europe-Oceania numerical experiment shows that the proposed sustainable collaborative transportation model can be efficiently solved by C++ calling ILOG CPLEX. Results demonstrate that the optimized shipping line network with sustainable collaborative transportation can improve the service efficiency, as well as the service level of shipping companies. View Full-Text
Keywords: container shipping line network; collaborative transportation; fleet deployment; sustainability container shipping line network; collaborative transportation; fleet deployment; sustainability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Du, G.; Sun, C.; Weng, J. Liner Shipping Fleet Deployment with Sustainable Collaborative Transportation. Sustainability 2016, 8, 165.

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